Difference between Domain and URL

Have you ever wondered why some websites have a long string of characters in their address while others have a simple name? That’s because there is a difference between the domain name and URL of a website.

The domain name is like the title of a book, unique to that website. On the other hand, the URL specifies the exact location of a specific page or resource on that website, acting as the chapter and page number. Knowing this distinction is crucial for both website owners and users alike.

Let’s say you want to visit your favorite online store. You type in its domain name into your browser, but it takes you to an error page. Why did this happen? It’s because you need to specify which exact page or resource you want to access by adding the appropriate URL after the domain name.

Understanding how URLs and domain names work together can help prevent confusion when accessing websites. For example, if you’re trying to find information on a specific product on an e-commerce site, knowing how to navigate through different URLs can help save time.

Definitions: Domain Name and URL Explained

What is a domain name?

A domain name is the human-readable name that identifies a website on the internet. It’s the primary address used to access websites, and it usually consists of two main parts: the top-level domain (TLD) and the second-level domain. For example, in “google.com,” “com” is the TLD, and “google” is the second-level domain.

What is a URL?

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which is a specific address that identifies a particular page or resource on a website. URLs consist of several components, including:

  • Protocol: The protocol specifies how data should be transmitted over the internet. Common protocols include HTTP and HTTPS.
  • Domain Name: This part of the URL specifies which website you’re trying to access.
  • Path: The path indicates which specific page or resource you want to access on that website.
  • Query Parameters: These are optional parameters that can be added to a URL to provide additional information about what you’re looking for.

How does DNS work?

The Domain Name System (DNS) is responsible for translating human-readable domain names into IP addresses that computers can understand. When you enter a domain name into your web browser, your computer sends a request to a DNS server asking for the IP address associated with that domain name. Once it receives an IP address from the DNS server, your computer can then connect to the appropriate web server and retrieve content from that site.

What are TLDs?

Top-level domains (TLDs) are the highest level of domain names in the world wide web. There are two types of TLDs: generic TLDs (gTLDs) and country-code TLDs (ccTLDs). Some common gTLDs include “.com,” “.org,” and “.net,” while some popular ccTLDs include “.uk,” “.au,” and “.ca.

Key Differences: URL vs Domain Name

DefinitionA domain name is a unique identifier for a website or other online resource.A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a specific address on the internet that points to a particular resource, such as a web page, file, or image.
FormatComposed of letters, numbers, and hyphens.Composed of a protocol, domain name, and path.
UniquenessUnique to the website or online resource.Unique to the resource.
AssignmentPurchased from a domain registrar.Not assigned, but created by the website owner.
PurposeTo identify and locate a website or online resource.To provide the location of a resource on the internet.
UseUsed in web addresses and email addresses.Used in web addresses and to access resources on the internet.
Domain vs URL

Here are some additional details about domain and URL:

  • A domain name is typically purchased from a domain registrar. The domain registrar will assign the domain name to the website owner.
  • A URL is created by the website owner. The URL will typically include the domain name, as well as the path to the specific resource on the website.
  • Domain and URL are both important parts of the internet. They allow users to easily identify and locate websites and online resources.

Exact Location vs Address

The major difference between a URL and a domain name is that the URL specifies the exact location of a webpage, while the domain name is simply the address of the website. In simpler terms, think of a domain name as your home address, and the URL as your specific apartment number within that building.

Protocol vs No Protocol

Another difference between URL and domain name is that URLs include the protocol used to access the webpage, such as HTTP or HTTPS, while domain names do not. The protocol is important because it tells your browser how to communicate with the website’s server. Without it, your browser wouldn’t know how to retrieve information from that specific site.


The main purpose of a domain name is to provide an easy-to-remember address for a website. Think of it like a brand name or business title – something catchy and memorable that people can easily associate with your site. On the other hand, URLs are used to identify and locate specific webpages within that website.

To answer some common questions:

What is the difference between domain name and url?

A domain name is simply the address of your website (e.g., google.com), while a URL specifies where on that site you want to go (e.g., google.com/search).

Is domain name and url the same?

No, they are not. While they are related in that both help users access websites on the internet, they serve different purposes.

What difference between url and uri?

URI stands for “Uniform Resource Identifier” and refers to any string of characters used to identify resources on the internet (including URLs). So while all URLs are URIs, not all URIs are URLs.

Domain Name vs URL: Extracting the Domain from the URL

Understanding the Difference between a URL and a Domain Name

We often use terms like “URL” and “domain name” interchangeably. However, these two terms refer to different parts of a web address. A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a complete web address that includes several components such as protocol, domain name, path, and file name. On the other hand, a domain name is just part of a URL.

Extracting the Domain from the URL

To extract the domain from a URL means to identify the unique name that identifies a website. The domain name is used to access a website and can be registered and owned by an individual or organization.

One way to extract the domain from a URL is by looking at its structure. A typical URL has three parts: protocol (such as HTTP or HTTPS), domain name (such as www.example.com), and path (such as /blog). To extract only the domain name from this structure, you need to remove everything else.

For example:


The domain in this example is example.com.

Another way to extract domains from URLs is by using online tools such as Whois Lookup or Domain Tools. These tools can provide more information about domains such as registration details, expiration dates, and ownership.

Why Knowing the Difference Matters

Knowing how to extract domains from URLs helps you understand how websites work and navigate them more efficiently. It also helps with tasks such as identifying spam emails or verifying if links are legitimate.

Moreover, understanding what makes up URLs can help protect your online privacy and security. For instance, some phishing scams use fake domains that look similar to real ones but have slight variations in spelling or extensions. By recognizing these differences in URLs, you can avoid falling for these scams.

The Human-Friendly Domain Name: Text Form of IP Address

What are Domain Names and IP Addresses?

You type in the web address or URL into your browser’s address bar. This web address consists of two parts, the domain name and the path to the specific page on the website. But what is a domain name, and how does it differ from an IP address?

An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a unique numerical identifier assigned to every device connected to the internet. It serves as a way for devices to communicate with each other over the internet. On the other hand, a domain name is a human-friendly text form of an IP address used to identify a web server.

How DNS Translates Domain Names into IP Addresses

When you enter a domain name in your browser’s address bar, DNS (Domain Name System) translates that text into its corresponding IP address of the web server hosting that website. Think of DNS as a phone book for websites; it looks up the host name (domain name) entered in your browser and returns its corresponding IP address.

For example, when you type “www.google.com” into your browser’s address bar, DNS looks up Google’s host name and returns its corresponding IP address “” Your computer then uses this information to connect to Google’s servers and retrieve their website.

The Complete Internet Address

The complete web address consists of both the domain name and the path to the specific page on that website. For instance, in “https://www.example.com/about-us,” “example.com” is the domain name while “/about-us” is known as the path or URL slug.

It’s important to note that there are different protocols used for accessing websites such as HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), HTTPS (HTTP Secure), FTP (File Transfer Protocol), among others. These protocols dictate how data is transmitted between your browser and the web server.

Using the Right Extension or SLD for Your Domain Name

Importance of Choosing the Right Domain Extension

Choosing the right domain extension is crucial for your website’s success. It can affect your website’s visibility, credibility, and even its ability to rank on search engines.

There are two main types: top-level domains (TLDs) and country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs). TLDs are generic extensions like .com, .net, and .org, while ccTLDs are specific to a particular country like .uk for the United Kingdom or .ca for Canada.

What Are SLDs?

SLDs are the second-level domains that come before the TLD in a domain name. For example, in ojdigitalsolutions.com, “ojdigitalsolutions” is the SLD, and “.com” is the TLD.

Using a specific country’s TLD can be beneficial if your website targets that country’s audience. For instance, using .uk for a UK-based business can help you establish trust with potential customers in that region.

How to Choose the Right Domain Extension

There are several factors to consider when choosing a domain extension:

  • Purpose: Consider what your website is about and what message you want to convey. If it’s a commercial site, go for a .com extension. If it’s an organization or non-profit site, choose .org.
  • Target Audience: Think about who your target audience is and where they’re located. If you’re targeting users in a specific country or region, use that country’s ccTLD.
  • Availability: Check if your desired domain name with your preferred extension is available. You may need to get creative with different variations of your desired name.
  • Branding: Consider how well the extension fits with your brand identity. Some businesses may opt for unique extensions like Tesla’s .xyz or Google’s .app to stand out from the crowd.

Choosing a Domain Name: Considerations and Management

Reflect Your Branding

Your domain name is an essential part of your branding. It’s the first thing visitors see when they land on your website, so it should reflect your business or company’s brand. Choose a domain name that is memorable, easy to spell, and unique. Avoid using numbers and hyphens in the name as these can be confusing for visitors.

Relevant Keywords for Better SEO

Consider using relevant keywords in your domain name to improve search engine optimization (SEO). This can help your website rank higher in search results for specific keywords. However, don’t stuff too many keywords into your domain name as this can look spammy and harm your SEO efforts.

Register with a Reputable Registrar

Registering a domain name requires finding a reputable registrar that provides proper management and resources. You want to ensure that you have control over the domain, including its renewal, transferability, and DNS server settings. Popular registrars include GoDaddy, Namecheap, and Google Domains.

Easy to Remember and Type

Your domain name should be easy to remember and type for visitors to your website. Shorter names tend to be easier to remember than longer ones. Avoid using complicated words or phrases that are hard to spell or pronounce.

Who Manages Domain Names?

Domain names are managed by registrars who provide registration services for individuals or companies looking to secure their online presence. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) oversees the registration process globally.

How to Keep a Domain Name Secure

To keep your domain name secure, make sure you use strong passwords for all accounts associated with it. Enable two-factor authentication whenever possible, which adds an extra layer of security beyond just a password. Regularly monitor your account activity to detect any unauthorized access attempts promptly.

Choosing the right domain name is crucial for establishing an online presence.

Conclusion: Understanding the Difference between URL and Domain Name

In conclusion, understanding the difference between a domain name and a URL is crucial for anyone who wants to establish an online presence. A domain name is the human-friendly text form of an IP address used to identify websites, while a URL is the complete web address that specifies the exact location of a webpage.

We have discussed key differences between URLs and domain names, including how to extract domains from URLs and how HTTP and HTTPS affect URLs. We have also talked about choosing the right extension or SLD for your domain name, as well as considerations for managing your domain.

To ensure that you choose the best domain name for your website, it’s important to consider factors such as branding, SEO, and user experience. By using E-A-T guidelines recommended by Google, you can build trust with your audience and improve your website’s ranking on search engines.

Remember that your domain name is an essential part of your online identity. It should be memorable, easy to spell, and relevant to your business or brand. By following these guidelines, you can create a strong online presence that stands out from competitors.


Can I change my domain name after purchasing it?

Yes, it’s possible to change your domain name after purchasing it. However, it’s not always recommended because changing your domain can negatively impact SEO and confuse returning visitors.

What is an SLD?

SLD stands for second-level domain which comes before the top-level domains (TLDs) like .com or .org in a URL.

How does HTTPS affect my website?

HTTPS encrypts data sent between a user’s browser and a website server which enhances security on websites ensuring safe transactions.

Should I include keywords in my domain name?

Including relevant keywords in your domain name can help with SEO but avoid keyword stuffing which may lead to penalization by search engines.

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